Welcome to Fangboy Village Links. Fangboy is a Cat who has a story. He was a very young lad, a wandering stray, yes wandering the alleys in Miami. A rich lady from Boca Raton happened upon him and she took him in. When I met him he lived on a Oceanside estate on Hillsboro Mile in Light House Point. He didn't live in the main house, but neither did I. We were just happy to be there. Renters. Well, he never paid rent. I lived in the Kato Kaelin shack in the back. Who cares you're on the Ocean. I tried to get Fangboy his own movie.
Carter Author Artist Adventurer is a Puppet Maker
Animator Musician Magician Anthropologist Geospatial Imagery
Analyst Pixel Wrangler PowerPoint Jedi and sarcastic jaded
wordsmith master procrastinator
The newest project in the Laboratory is part of the oldest project. Back in 1983 I created "American Health Defense." It was supposed to be a new martial art based on Jeet Kune Do. At some point the name changed to TOTAL HEALTH DEFENSE because it was never really just an American thing. After all who would base their own health on politics or a corporation or what some guy on TV said, that makes no sense.
Now that we're in the cyber age physically fighting people to solve your problems is so last century. Bruce Lee was ahead of his time, he would be very evolved into new algorithms if he were here today. This is why we have to Decode Bruce Lee.
Chris Carter is the Author of "How To" Predict The Future" and creator of the one man band, "Bone Dough Sugar Debrief" and the band, "The Peanut Butter Principle" also known for his famous virtual Duet with Fiona Apple, has anyone told Fiona yet? oh Nevermind, Chris met Liz Phair and a slew of famous 90's rock stars when he worked as Jerry's sidekick at the JBTV Music Video Show in Chicago. Here is UK band XTC showcasing some of my animations from the JBTV Music Video Show
XTC - All Along The Watchtower
so funny this sole web page is the only living code, whats
left of, survives of, my very first days on the internet. I
was in the great AOL train robbery of 1996. Remember when the
"www" internet first came out AOL charged you per hour. Can
you imagine? I thought it was madness.
I was there in the beginning of the "www" internet. 1995. AOL was the bomb. But they charged you per hour to use the internet, I thought that's crazy talk. In December 1996 they changed it to a flat monthly rate. I signed up. It's been called, "Bloody Sunday." AOL almost went under. I signed up like one more of a million buffoons. Of course the AOL network promptly imploded. They were overwhelmed. It was a gold rush. A Tsunami of requests. They couldn't process everyone and they couldn't process refunds they couldn't even answer the phone for info. Nothing, no any anything. I quickly gave up ever getting my 20 bux back ($19.95) They still owe me today you AOL cowards. The January 1997 CNN Headline read, "AOL offers refunds to appease angry customers" I was headed to Hollywood by then. I wrote off AOL it was Roadtrip time. It was head to Hollywood to get ripped off by the Califonia DMV. About 4 years after I left California the DMV lost a Class Action Case for multiple financial shenanigans. They too still owe me CA DMV you cowards.
History of the 563rd Combat Engineer Battalion. The 563rd EN BN was located in Ludendorff Kaserne, Kornwesthiem Stuttgart Germany 1980-1981. 563rd HHC the 503rd Engineer Company the 38th Engineer Company
the YogaPets page and see how your Pet can be Enlightened
Where all your animals are SmartPets
few of the Ye Ole Villagers and wayward citizens of the
of All" Frank Zappa Sites Frank
Here's the Official Zappa site Zappa.com
These Zappa sites is good ones!
Zappa childhood friend Captain Beefheart
www.RALF.com Cal Schenkal The artist for Zappa's best album covers. Brillant. Calvin Schenkal and R.Crumb are the two best artists in the world. Bunyons mate!
Greg Lake- Yes it's him THAT Greg Lake from ELP
Kate Bush She has nice website that girl can sing.
Angelique Kidjo World Music Queen www.kidjo.com
|2014 Top 8 blogs
in the USA (only three are left)
Gawker is down gone over. Boing Boing is now defunct
Musical Links Like get your Dub at World Dub-
World Dub and here some Dub mon Dub Flash
Sinead O Connor Music
Jah Wobble 30 hertz Record Company
Directory of Public Radio - Lists the type of PLAYERS
Afro Pop Worldwide with Host Georges Collenit
Echoes Ambient Music Show This used to play every Sunday on Old Tampa Bay Road.
Joan Armatrading www.JoanArmatrading.com
Daltrey was on Brian Johnson's TV Show. They were on their
old childhood street, where they both grew up, and Roger
said as teens they all loved, "The Shadows" doing their hit
Here it is, five dudes in suits just standing stiff, great song though!
This 90's started in the 80's Indie band "Too Much Joy" has a really in-depth blog wow it's a archeology dig going through here, . , its like a Time Tunnel ~
of my favorite bands of the 90's are so underrated its
criminal. From Athens Georgia "The Judybats." They're album
NATIVE SON is a masterpiece, really. Every song is super
tight. Check it out-
02/) NATIVE SON Album Title Track
03/) INCOGNITO this is a Fan Made video, great song!
04/) CONVALESCING IN SPAIN perhaps Alicanti ?
05/) DON'T DROP THE BABY
06/) SHE LIVES (IN A TIME OF HER OWN)
07/) COUNTING SHEEP I'm making the video for this one
|XTC, Monty Python and Thomas Dolby
||GENESIS, Robert Fripp and The Tubes
Computer Tech Radio Shows
Hackett site moved to Steve
Daryl Stuermer Official site Daryl Stuermer
Anthony Phillips Genesis Anthony Phillips
PETER GABRIEL PHOTOS ny Phill
The MaKINg oF 1981 album "Security" great piece from a TV Show in 1982
PETER GABRIEL 1 (album 1976, tour 1977) ny Phill
PETER GABRIEL 2 (album 1978, tour 1978) ny Phill
PETER GABRIEL 3 (album 1979, tour 1980) ny Phill
PETER GABRIEL 4 "SECURITY" (album 1981, tour 1982-1983)
PETER GABRIEL "PLAYS LIVE" (Recorded 1982 - 1983 tour)
Recall Jerry Marotta plays drums on virtually every PG solo record. Jerry has a band with this dude Thom Griesgraber… the name of their band..
what else… Marotta/Griesgraber They are the opening band for the Tony Levin Band. Tom Griesgraber is one of the world’s most respected and active performers on The “Chaman Stick” yes its a stick! Tony Levin learned it from this guy.
Developed by Emmett Chapman early 1970s, combines six guitar strings tuned in fourths with six bass strings tuned in fifths. Notes are “tapped” rather than strummed. Taking things even further, Tom adds a third synthesizer output on the guitar side and incorporates live looping and synth pedals into his performances. Tom Griesgraber website www.thossounds.com
Peter Gabriel Drummer Jerry Marotta www.jerrymarotta.com
Digital Global Mobile Record label by Robert Fripp dgmlive.com
Bobby Fripp tells us how to use BitTorrent help.BitTorrent
San Fran here we go,... The TUBES band they rock yes The Tubes
More Tubes below!
Ye Ole Village Training Centre Digitale
You have never seen anything like this before. Buckle up and check it out.
Grady Sain's Banjo Gyro right now click here quickly!
How to find the path? You must understand how paths are made in the first place. It was a long time ago on a dark and rainy night, when only anarchy reigned through the land. Someone figured out that the opposite of anarchy is not stability. Stability sounds good but its not to be trusted. The opposite of anarchy is Order. Only Order can give morality meaning. Stability does not mean good, it just means nothing is happening right now. Stability masquerades as Peace. Stability is just a lull in anarchy and its ready to explode any moment. Stability seems like a good idea because doing nothing doesn't offend anybody. Deliberately doing nothing does offend somebody. How do you do nothing not on purpose? Order and non-deliberate Inaction are not compatible. Inaction can easily masquerade as Peace. Order uses formal inequality to maintain harmony through consensus. Equality masquerades as Peace but "total" equality equals decay and breakdown. Can you dig? Are you still with me?
HERE WE HAVE BILL BURR ON CONAN EXPLAINING HOW THINGS WORK. JUST WATCH THIS-
Bill Burr is over the top haha.
HERE ANOTHER CLIP BILL BURR ON CRAZY LIBERALS, CONSERVATIVES AND SOCIALISM
feel that my work is but a feeble expression of something that
in itself is vague and doubtful...Sometimes when I probe
myself I find that my intentions in art aren't as sincere as
they should be...I realize that I'm fairly good at drawing,
but you see that's only because I've done so much of it, and
it seems sometimes that the only reason I have stuck at it so
diligently is because I have to sort of get even with society
for not accepting me...Subconsciously I want to make myself
immortal among men, leave my mark on the earth to compensate
for social inadequacy...So I draw...If I got rid of my
greatness complex. I probably would lose my desire to draw. It
seems to me that a true artist is a man who is passionately in
love with line, form, color or some aspect of life... While
these things appeal to me, I don't find any real burning
passion for them within myself...The only burning passion I'm
sure I have is the passion for sex...
- R. Crumb, Sept. 29, 1961.
"The trouble with the rat race is that even if you win, you are still a rat."
-- Lily Tomlin
|THE TUBES are
a pioneering San Francisco Art Rock band. The TUBES PROJECT
website has been abandoned and taken over by Spammers, do not
visit that one visit this one The
TUBES YOUTUBE TV channel
The Tubes Project
The Tubes.com is also good. The Tubes Rock The World!
The Tubes Live "Maratonrock" is from Germany and recorded in Sweden 1983. The concerts took place in Westfalen Halle in Dortmund west Germany 14/5-83 and were introduced in swedish TV 30/7-83. The order of bands: Nena, Men at Work, The Tubes, Ultravox, Little River Band, Robert Palmer and B-52's
It was more maratonrock 1983 in swedish TV: 29/1-83 and 16/4-83.
Classic Tubes, here is good photos of the Classic Tubes in days of yore!
Reverend Billy C Werts is now on WMNF Radio. See his show in Schedules Link www.WMNF.org
Bebop Deluxe - Bill Nelson billnelson.com
Allan Watts on psychedelic drug use, "When you get the message, hang up the phone."
HISTORY OF PROMOTION COMPANY
By the 1970s, he formed Celebration Concerts, a concert-promotion company whose clients included the Super Bowl of Rock series at Chicago's Soldier Field stadium featuring Emerson Lake and Palmer, Pink Floyd, Ted Nugent and Peter Frampton. "Celebration-Flipside" promoted many top acts of the 70's. Crazy Frank worked there and he had no drivers Liciense, so the deal was, give him a ride to the Show and you get backstage Passes! Crazy Frank RIP
Bogart 9 Presents the Matt
O'Neil Wheaton Central Denver Art Exhibit
The Clash 1980 album
Bungle in the Jungle......
underground TV and radio history
The Magic Door - a Jewish Kid Show in Chicago area and suburbs
The Magic Door was a Jewish educational TV series aimed at providing kiruv (outreach) to Jewish children in the Chicago, Illinois metropolitan area. The show was produced by the Jewish Federation of Chicago; and premiered January 1, 1962. The show ran weekly until January 1, 1982 that aired at 7:00 AM every Sunday morning on WBBM-TV.
The main characters of the series included "Tiny Tov" (a character "reduced" to appear as a kind of elf), and two hand puppets named "Scrunch" and "Judy". Tiny lived in a house that was made out of an acorn, the entrance was "The Magic Door".
Each week, Tiny Tov would travel back through time riding his Magic Feather. Each week he would educate Jewish children on Jewish history, sharing stories from Torah.
A-room zoom zoom
Creature Features Horror Movies
Historic Chicago Television WGN TV
RAY RAYNER and FRIENDS,
FAMILY CLASSICS with FRAZIER THOMAS
and GARFIELD GOOSE
WNUR Northwestern University "Antidote Radio" - 1980's Highland Park, Illinois
JBTV Music Video This Show is and always was about MUSIC. NO corruption, no corporate PlayList, no payola. The record companies used to bring all the artists to JBTV that MTV wouldn't play. Yes MTV used to actually play Music Videos! Long time ago. The first half of the 90's MTV was dying but it wasn't dead yet. They had a very tight VooDoo formulae to get things on the playlist. JBTV benefited off this and had some excellent Music Videos in the period I worked there from 1990 - 1995. By the end O the 90s I would say MTV was all was completely brain dead. It's playlist excluded 90 percent of the Music videos out there. Because of that many people have mistakenly gone so far as to say that Music Video is a limited artistic medium, even claiming it's ruined the music business. The corrupted playlist of MTV has always been cited as proof. The fact is the music business was dooming itself just fine without including the folly of MTV's narrow corporate playlist. Contrary to what a lot of people say including some musicians themselves "Music Video" is not a limiting medium. It can be! That doesn't mean it IS.
FRANK ZAPPA ON POLITICS
FRANK ZAPPA ON POLITICS
What does it mean when people say they don’t believe in science? Or they do but they say that science is always changing? As the great Voltaire once said, “If you wish to converse, define your terms.” Is it science the verb or science the noun? The verb means an approach to knowledge, to philosophy as methods for developing an understanding of reality. The noun means some sort of truth “proven.” In other words science is a map and science is a destination. That’s two different things.
A good algorithm can provide both. Some ambiguity, complexity, statistics and details of scientific evidence as well as in combination with -confident narratives and heartwarming testimonials (that contain far less real evidentiary value).
The latter without the former gives faith-based explanations a significant public relations advantage over science and skepticism. But the fact remains that truth is messy and full of uncertainty, and if someone is selling telling you something as extremely simple, clear-cut, and too good to be true, they probably are selling you a hope or a fantasy, not a reality. Nothing wrong with hope! Just don’t bet the Farm on it.
We were just talking about Pet products that will kill your dog and cat. Flea Collars! Don’t use them, it’s a scam, and can be dangerous. For good info look at this "Science Based Pet Health" website. Not just Pets it has a great explanation / definition of science in general. It says science means anything and everything can and does change. But that's not how we live our life. We live life with propositions that achieve a level of supporting evidence that makes any serious doubt about their truth perverse and irrational.
Wow that’s just very profound. All your nutty friends that have a problem believing in science send them here to this page -
What Does “Scientifically Proven” Really Mean?
Special Effects studio "Boss
of radio station WXRT Chicago
May 2, 1960, WLS transformed into a top 40 radio
station for the first time under the programming of
Sam Holman. Early jocks of this emerging format at WLS
were Clark Weber, Bob Hale, Gene Taylor, Mort Crowley,
Jim Dunbar, Dick Biondi, Bernie Allen and Dex Card.
Two WLS jocks, Ron Riley and Art Roberts each
interviewed the Beatles. Clark Weber became morning
host in 1963, two years after joining the station. He
was Program Director from 1966 until 1968 when John
Rook arrived. Weber then moved to WCFL for a few years
and then did a series of other Chicago radio gigs for
flip to talk radio in 1989 was a symptom of the fact
that by the eighties, music fans had moved to FM.
Other AM talk stations at the time included WLUP
(1000), WVON (1450) and WJJD (1160). WIND (560) had
also done talk before being sold and going Spanish.
It's interesting to note that even though music fans
primarily moved to FM in the eighties, the top station
in town at the end of the decade was adult
contemporary station WGN-AM (720), owned by Tribune.
WBBM-AM (780) also soared to the top three by the late
eighties as a news station. Although its sister FM,
B96, was the leader in contemporary hits, WGCI (107.5)
and WVAZ (102.7) ranked higher in the ratings with
their urban formats. Evergreen's WLUP (97.9) also did
well as a rock station. Then it sold to Bonneville, in
which it failed as an adult contemporary station but
returned to rock in July 1997.
INTERVIEW WITH CHICAGO RADIO STATION WLUP PROGRAM MANAGER JOHN GEHRON ABOUT STEVE AND GARRY (Steve Dahl and Garry Meyer)
Rick: Those WLS years were a turbulent time, despite the great success. The early to mid-80s Steve & Garry must have been a challenge for you. They were calling you “Scumby” on the air, reading your memos, writing songs about you. How do you look back on that time now?
John Gehron: I think we both were learning something from each other at the time. They were really pushing the limits, pushing the envelope. Really, they invented reality radio as we know it today. Meanwhile, I was working for a very conservative company that didn’t quite understand what they were doing, so we had a split in the building. (Photo: John at his WLS desk) There was one group that still believed in the old way of doing things, and one group that embraced this new way of thinking. It came to a head in the end when I wasn’t allowed to rehire them.
Rick: Just speaking as a listener in those days, I think part of the appeal of that show at that time was hearing someone rip their boss like that. It’s unfortunate that it was you, especially now that I know how highly everyone else thinks of you, but honestly, all of us wished that we could talk to our bosses the way those guys talked to you. There was something immensely cathartic about it. I remember one time tuning in and Steve was reading a memo that started with this sentence: “DO NOT READ THIS MEMO ON THE AIR.” That was jaw-dropping.
John Gehron: Oh no question, from a listener point of view it was clearly great radio. There’s no doubt that some of that was for show, but very much of it was real. That was what their show was about. Reality. They were really hard on us, but they were also really hard on themselves when they didn’t feel they were living up to their own ideals.
Rick: Do you still have a good relationship with those guys?
John Gehron: I would say so. I think I have a good relationship with both of them. I see Garry pretty often, and I really should get in touch with Steve. We both have a lot more time on our hands these days.
Rick: You’ve worked with virtually all of the major air talent in Chicago over the past 30 years. Tell us a few things that may surprise us about what these guys (and gals) are really like to deal with off the air.
John Gehron: I always found the big stars had an intensity about them, and part of my job was getting out of their way. The good ones knew what they wanted to do, and the great ones had a vision, and I had to give them the freedom to realize it. I have a tremendous amount of respect for talent—for their creativity. I know how hard it is to do what they do, to walk in and create something like that, because I can’t do it.
Rick: Do you think most program directors think that way?
John Gehron: The good ones do. Some programmers enjoy the idea of hearing their format executed exactly the way they envision it or draw it up. I never felt that way. If I could have executed it perfectly, I would have done it myself.
Founded by musician Rocky Jones, DJ International records was the right label in the right place at the right time. Chicago in 1985 was a city which was moving to its own particular beat and that beat was House Music. The key movers and shakers in the clubs were Frankie Knuckles at The Warehouse and Ron Hardy at the Music Box, who were responsible for influencing a whole new generation of Chicago-based artists who were experimenting with the unique rhythms they were hearing at these two Chicago clubs.
Before long a steady stream of new artists began to emerge from Chicago club land and inevitably they beat a path to the hottest new label with the coolest name in town, DJ International. The list is like a who's-who of House Music and includes Steve "Silk" Hurley, Chip E, Fingers Inc, Tyree, Farley "Jackmaster" Funk, Kenny "Jammin" Jason, Bam Bam, Sterling Void, Joe Smooth, Adonis, Fast Eddie and veteran Frankie Knuckles amongst many other names like "Nick The White Knight"one of the first white boy rappers.
impact which DJ International had upon the spread
of House Music internationally cannot be
understated. They scored a No.1 UK Pop hit with
Steve "Silk" Hurley's "Jack Your Body? and a top
10 UK smash with Farley "Jackmaster" Funk's "Love
Can't Turn Around" as well as being the first
label to take their artists to the UK and Europe
thus putting House Music on the global map. Following
over 200 releases across no less than 4 different labels
within the group, DJ International ruled the early era of
House and it's legacy survives to this day with virtually all
of the releases now commanding huge prices on the 12"
collectors circuit and it's ideas being routinely sampled and
copied by today's new producers and artists. DJ International
has always remained privately owned by Rocky Jones and he is
proud to announce that the label will be promoting it's first
new record on DJ International since the early 1990's.
The Planet Has Links
PRINCE DECLARES THE INTERNET IS OVER
|Half Man Half Biscuit are an English
rock band, formed in 1984 in Birkenhead, Merseyside. Known for
their satirical, sardonic, and sometimes surreal songs, the band
comprises lead singer and guitarist Nigel Blackwell, bassist and
singer Neil Crossley, drummer Carl Henry, and guitarist Karl
Half Man Half Biscuit were formed by two friends from Birkenhead, Neil Crossley and singer, guitarist and songwriter Nigel Blackwell who was (in his own words) at the time "still robbing cars and playing football like normal people do". In 1979, Blackwell was editing a football fanzine (Left For Wakeley Gage); he met Crossley when he went to see the latter's band play. In 1984, when Half Man Half Biscuit were formed, Crossley moved to bass and the two were joined by Nigel's brother Simon Blackwell (lead guitar) and his friend Paul Wright (drums), both previously with a group called Attempted Moustache. The quartet started to rehearse in the Liverpool-based Vulcan Studios, where they soon turned a five-piece, with David Lloyd now on keyboards.
Their debut album, 1985's Back in the DHSS, topped the UK Indie Chart and reached number 60 in the UK Album Chart. Its title was a play on The Beatles' "Back in the U.S.S.R." and also a reference to the DHSS, the government department that dealt with the unemployed, Nigel Blackwell having been on unemployment benefits since 1979. The band's first single, "The Trumpton Riots", topped the British independent chart in 1986, and they went on to perform at Glastonbury Festival. The second single, "Dickie Davies Eyes", also topped the indie chart. In late 1986, the band split up, giving as reason "musical similarities". The album Back Again in the DHSS, containing previously issued, unreleased and live tracks, followed.
The band reformed in 1990, with a performance at the Reading Festival following, and a new single, "Let's Not" issued before the year was out, followed in 1991 by a collaboration with Margi Clarke on a version of Edith Piaf's "No Regrets". The third album was McIntyre, Treadmore And Davitt, released in October 1991. By the time This Leaden Pall was released in 1993, Wright and Lloyd had left the band, with Carl Alty joining on drums. Simon Blackwell left the following year, with Ian S Jackson joining. Jackson (who later joined Rooney) and Alty (who joined Joyrider) departed in 1996, to be replaced by Ken Hancock (guitar) and Carl Henry (drums). Since reforming, the band have produced an album every two or three years.
Half Man Half Biscuit were championed by DJ John Peel, for whom they recorded twelve sessions, and it was on his programme in 1990 that the band announced their return.
Half Man Half Biscuit turned down the chance to appear on The Tube, as Tranmere Rovers were playing that night, even though Channel Four offered to fly them by helicopter to the game. Blackwell has been a fan of the team since "sometime after the Coventry City cup win in 1968".
The band's styles parody popular genres, while their lyrics allude to UK popular culture and geography. Blackwell often refers to Wirral and to North Wales, often in the context of hillwalking in Snowdonia; he also appears fond of Shropshire, East Anglia, The West Country, and Oxfordshire. British or international football, Sylvia Plath, Thomas Hardy, and the Bible are referenced in his lyrics. As the 1990s progressed, Blackwell's love of blues and folk became more apparent. Bassist Crossley's tastes include late 1970s and early 1980s new wave or post-punk bands, and during live sets HMHB have performed covers of acts as diverse as Joy Division, Magazine, Tim Buckley, The Beach Boys, Tommy James and the Shondells and Ike and Tina Turner.
In 2001, Blackwell provided the voiceover for a BP television advert.
In April 2010, the band's song "Joy Division Oven Gloves" from their 2005 album Achtung Bono was the subject of a Facebook campaign to get it to No. 6 on the chart for 12 April 2010, in response to the rumoured closure of the indie-supporting radio station BBC 6 Music. The song reached No. 56 on 11 April 2010: this was their first UK Singles Chart appearance. It also reached No. 3 in the Official Independent Singles chart the same week, and was No. 1 in the HMV UK Digital Downloads Top 40 Tracks on 16 April, knocking Ultravox's song "Vienna" off the top spot – itself part of a separate Facebook campaign the previous week. Victoria Loop has played live several times with the band on tenor horn, cornet and bass guitar. She is affectionately known as 'The 5th Biscuit'.
Ken Hancock played his last gig with the band in summer 2017, and was replaced at the end of the year by Karl Benson.
|Check to see if your Family
members emails are on any of those Lists of names from data
breaches Target, Home Depot, Yahoo, etc.
HAVE I BEEN PWNED? (Pawned spelled without the A) is a service that collects hundreds of database dumps containing information about billions of leaked and stolen accounts.
Users can search for their own information to see if your email address appears then you know not to use any parts of that Password ever again. The site has been widely touted as a valuable resource for Internet users wishing to protect their own security and privacy. "Have I Been Pwned?" was created by security expert Troy Hunt on 4 December 2013.
I Been Pawned
Here is the CFPB (Consumer Financial Protection Bureau), a U.S. government agency that makes sure banks, lenders, and other financial companies treat you fairly. Definitely bookmark the CFPB page~
| After graduating from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in
1971 with a degree in meteorology, Terry Kelly took a job with
Madison, Wisconsin, television station Channel 27 calculating
weather predictions. Over the next two years he introduced a
number of new techniques to the industry, including using
magnets to represent high and low points, color markers on a
whiteboard for graphics, and later hand-photographing satellite
cloud imagery with a Bolex camera to produce the first
Kelly and several of his colleagues also produced weather forecasting software. In 1974 he was promoted to chief meteorologist at Channel 27, and at the same time started Weather Central to sell and operate their software for smaller organizations such as ski resorts and local highway departments.
ColorGraphics was formed in 1979 as a partnership between
Terry Kelly and Richard Daly. Kelly and Daly had both worked
in theUniversity of Wisconsin's Space Science and Engineering
department, developers of the McIDAS weather display system.
McIDAS used downloaded satellite cloud cover images and
superimposed them on locally generated maps. Designed for the
National Weather Service, McIDAS was a high-end system well
beyond the budget of a television station.
|Altair 8800 computer|
|Winged edge polyhedra representation|
|Bill Gates starts Microsoft|
|JPL Graphics Lab developed|
|Anima animation system developed at CGRG at Ohio State|
|Jim Blinn develops reflectance and environment mapping|
|Ukrainian Pysanka Egg erected in Vegraville, Canada by Ron Resch to commemorate the RCMP|
|Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak start Apple computer.|
|Apple Computer incorporated|
|Apple II released|
|Computer Graphics World begins publication|
|Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences introduces Visual Effects category for Oscars|
|Larry Cuba produces Death Star simulation for Star Wars using Grass at UICC developed by Tom DeFanti at Ohio State|
|Leroy Nieman uses Ampex paint system to draw football players in Super Bowl XII|
|James Blinn produces the first of a series of animations titled The Mechanical Universe|
|Bump mapping introduced|
|National Computer Graphics Association organized|
|IBM 3279 color terminal|
|Atari 8-bit computers introduced|
|Disney produces The Black Hole using CGI for the opening|
|Apollo Computer founded|
|Turner Whitted of Bell Labs publishes ray tracing paper|
|First NCGA conference - Arlington, Virginia - Steven Levine, President|
|IBM licenses DOS from Microsoft|
|Aurora Systems founded by Richard Shoup|
|Disney uses computer graphics for the movie Tron|
|MIT Media Lab founded by Nicholas Negroponte|
|Hanna-Barbera, largest producer of animation in the U.S.,begins implementation of computer automation of animation process|
|Quantel introduces Paintbox|
|Chris Carter produces his first multi-track audio recordings using two cassette decks and a 4-track TEAC reel to reel.|
|Tom DeFanti expands GRASS to Bally Z-50 machine|
|IBM introduces the first IBM PC|
|Penguin Software (now Polarware) introduces the Complete Graphics System|
|Looker includes the virtual human character Cindy|
|The Last Starfighter|
|Skeleton Animation System developed at CGRG at Ohio State|
|ACM begins publication of TOG|
|Tom Brighham develops morphing|
|Adobe founded by John Warnock|
|Atari develops the data glove.|
|AutoDesk founded; AutoCAD released|
|ILM computer graphics division develops "Genesis effect" for Star Trek II - The Wrath of Khan|
|Autodesk introduces AutoCAD the first PC-based CAD software|
|Chris Carter takes one of the first AutoCAD classes. At Joliet Junior College.|
|Robert Able & Associates produces the 1st computer generated 30 second commercial used for Super Bowl|
|Wavefront Technologies is the first commercially available 3D software package|
|14.5 minute computer generated IMAX film shown at SIGGRAPH 84|
|Universal Studios opens CG department|
|First Macintosh computer is sold; introduced with Clio award winning commercial 1984 during Super Bowl|
|Lucasfilms introduces motion blur effects|
|Chris Carter takes one of the first Adobe Illustrator 88 classes at College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL|
|Pixar Image Computer goes to market|
|Young Sherlock Holmes stained glass knight|
|2010 The Movie|
|The Great Mouse Detective was the first animated film to be aided by CG.|
|Pixar purchased from Lucasfilm by Steve Jobs|
|Microsoft goes public|
|Apple IIgs introduced|
|Luxo Jr. nominated for Oscar|
|Willow popularizes morphing|
|VGA invented by IBM|
|Apple sues Microsoft for copyright infringement for GUI|
|U.S. Patent awarded to Pixar for RenderMan|
|Who Framed Roger Rabbit mixes live action and animation|
|Disney and Pixar develop CAPS|
|PIXAR wins Academy award for Tin Toy|
|Bill Wildt of MotorSports UNLTD. introduces Chris Carter to Jerry Bryant of JBTV|
|PIXAR starts marketing RenderMan|
|Joe Kelley puts SuperSpots into Bankruptcy proceedings. Jerry, Mike, David buy the assets.|
|Microsoft ships Windows 3.0|
|U.S. Patent awarded to Pixar for point sampling|
|World Wide Web|
|Disney and PIXAR agree to create 3 films, including the first computer animated full-length film Toy Story|
|ILM produces Terminator 2|
|Jerry Bryant, Dave Gariano and Mike Harnett takeover SuperSpots assets and hire Chris Carter|
|Disney and Pixar get Academy Technical Achievement Award for CAPS production system|
|University of Illinois debuts CAVE virtual reality technology at SIGGRAPH 92|
|VIFX uses flock animation with Prism software to create large groups of animals|
|disk array and compression codecs allow for nonlinear editing and full motion video|
|Babylon 5 uses Amiga and Macintosh generated CGI|
|SGI and Nintendo team up for Nintendo 64 product|
|Microsoft acquires Softimage - announces Windows 95|
|Doom hits game market|
|Reboot (CG cartoon) uses 3D characters|
|Facetracker used by SimmGraphics to animate facial expressions for Super Mario|
|DreamWorks SKG founded|
|Pixar goes public with 6.9M share offering|
|Sony Playstation introduced|
|Quake hits game market|
|Windows 95 ships|
|DVD technology unveiled|
|Jim Kajiya of Cal Tech gets Academy Award for development and application of CGI hair and fur|
|Dean Lyon is about to get Chris Carter a job at Richard Edlund's Boss Films, Hollywood CA. Then Boss Film closes its doors! Dean and Chris are now both out of a job.|
|Titanic becomes the largest grossing motion picture in US history|
|MPEG-4 standard announced|
|Geri's Game - awarded the Academy Award for Animated Short|
|Pixar awarded a Scientific and Technical Academy Award for the development of software that produces images used in motion pictures from 3D computer descriptions of shape and appearance|
|Star wars Episode One|
|Toy Story 2 produced by Pixar|
|Fantasia 2000 produced by Disney|
|Disney's DreamQuest and Feature Animation join to form The Secret Lab|
|Microsoft X-Box prototype shown at SIGGRAPH 2000|
|Dinosaur produced by Disney|
|movies - Final Fantasy , Monsters Inc, Harry Potter, A.I., Lord of the Rings, Shrek, Jurassic Park III|
|Microsoft xBox and Nintendo Gamecube released|
|Bogart 9 installs the Adobe Master Collection HD CS3 Production Pro Suite|
|Dean Lyon starts working at DaVinci HQ|
1687 Principia Mathematica - Isaac Newton
1777 Charles Earl Stanhope invented the first logic machine.
1800 J. M. Jacquard used punched cards to control a weaving loom.
1804 Jacquard loom
1811 Luddites riot
1821 Michael Faraday discovered the principle of the electric motor.
1823 Charles Babbage developed the Difference Engine.
1824 Peter Roget described the persistence of vision.
1826 Photography (Niepce)
1831 Dr. Joseph Antoine Plateau and Dr. Simon Rittrer constructed a machine called a phenakitstoscope
1832 Charles Wheatstone invented the stereoscope.
1833 Charles Babbage proposed the Analytical Engine.
1834 Horner developed the zoetrope from Plateau's phenakistoscope.
1842 FAX (Alexander Bain)
1843 Morse's telegraph installed between Philadelphia and Washington
1854 George Boole published his method for solving problems in logic.
1860 Lord Kelvin used the ball and disk integrator for analog computing.
1864 Maxwell electromagnetic wave theory becomes basis for radio wave propogation
1872 Eadweard Muybridge started his photographic compilation of animals in motion
1873 James Clerk Maxwell published his "Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism".
1883 Thomas Edison discovered the thermionic effect.
1884 Nipkow (Germany) devises scanner for scanning and transmitting images
1885 CRT (Cathode Ray Tube)
1887 Edison patents motion picture camera
1888 Edison and Dickson record motion picture photos on a wax cylinder
1889 George Eastman began the manufacture of photographic film strips using a nitro-cellulose base.
1888 Berliner invents phonograph
1889 Thomas Edison announced his kinetoscope which projected a 50ft length of film in approximately 13 seconds.
1888 Oberlin Smith introduces basics of magnetic recording
1888 Heinrich Hertz discovered radio waves.
1889 Lon Bolle built a direct multiplication machine.
1890 Herman Hollerith designed an electric tabulating system for the USA census.
1891 Dickson uses Edison's kinetograph to record motion pictures
1896 Herman Hollerith formed the Tabulating Machine Company today's IBM.
1905 Fleming electron tube
1905 Einstein's theory of relativity
1910 Bertrand Russell and Albert North Whitehead published "Principia Mathematica".
1912 de Forest develops Audion vacuum tube amplifier
1923 Zworykin develops Iconoscope at Westinghouse
1924 John Logie Baird produced television objects in outline.
1926 John Logie Baird demonstrated the television of moving objects.
1926 1st teleconference - between Washington and New York
1927 Philo Farnsworth invents fully electronic TV (First all electronic TV is made by RCA in 1932)
1927 Motion picture film standardized at 24 fps
1929 BBC begins broadcasting
1931 1st stereo recordings
1936 Alan Turing showed that certain algorithms could not be solved.
1936 Konrad Zuse built a relay calculator.
1936 the Magnetophone is 1st true magnetic tape recorder
1937 Claude Shannon described an "Electric Adder to Base Two" in his master's thesis.
1937 George Stibitz built an electric adder to the base two at Bell Labs.
1937 Howard Aiken proposed the need for a new kind of computing machine.
1938 Valensi proposes color TV
1938 Thomas Watson (President of IBM) implemented Aiken's idea for a new type of computing machine at Harvard University.
1940 Link Aviation developed the first flight trainers.
1941 First U.S. regular TV broadcast
1941 1st TV commercial (for Bulova watches)
1943 The U.S. Army began planning the ENIAC computer.
1943 British Post Office engineers operated their Colussus computer to decode Germany's Enigma codes.
1944 The Harvard Computation Laboratory completed their automatic, general-purpose, digital computer.
1944 Gordon Brown at M.I.T. was asked to build a simulator for multi-engined aircraft.
1945 Konrad Zuse developed a simple programming language 'plan calculus'.
1945 John von Neumann began work on a fully automatic, digital, all-purpose computing machine.
1946 J. Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly designed ENIAC at the Moore School.
1946 M.I.T's Project Whirlwind was used for real-time air traffic control and aircraft simulation.
1946 George Stibitz completed the first Model V relay calculator.
1947 Adele Goldstine and John von Neumann developed flow diagrams for describing programs.
1947 J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly's company built UNIVAC the first computer designed for commercial use.
1948 Adele Goldstine and John von Neumann developed a program to interpret other programs.
1948 William Shockley et al. invented the transistor at Bell Telephone Laboratories.
1948 F. C. Williams used CRTs as memory delay lines and created patterns of dots.
1948 cable TV is installed
1949 Maurice Wilkes built the EDSAC computer at Cambridge University.
1949 Williams tube (CRT storage tube)
1949 F. C. Williams and T. Kilburn built the MADM computer at Manchester University.
1950 Cybernetics and Society - Norbert Weiner (MIT)
1950 Ben Laposky uses oscilloscope to display waveforms which were photographed as artwork
1950 The Whirlwind computer at M.I.T. used a CRT for output.
1951 The ACE project
1951 Graphics display on vectorscope on Whirlwind computer
1953 NTSC broadcast code
1954 FCC authorizes color TV broadcast
1955 SAGE system at Lincoln Lab uses first light pen (Bert Sutherland)
1955 John von Neumann described 'self-reproducing automata'.
1956 Morton Heilig invented the Sensorama
1956 US Patent 3,059,519 - inventor: Stanton, CRT-based binocular "headgear".
1956 Lawrence Livermore National Labs connects graphics display to IBM 704; use film recorder for color images
1956 Ampex demonstrates the Ampex VR2000 videotape recorder (2" tape)
1957 M.L. Heilig patented a pair of head-mounted goggles fitted with two colour TV units.
1957 1st image-processed photo at National Bureau of Standards
1957 Digital Equipment Corporation founded
1958 The first monolithic integrated circuit was demonstrated.
1958 Numerical controlled digital drafting machines - MIT
1958 TX-1 computer at MIT uses graphics console
1958 CalComp 565 drum plotter
1958 John Whitney Sr. uses analog computer to make art
1959 First film recorder - General Dynamics Stromberg Carlson 4020
1960 The Boeing Corporation coined the term 'computer graphics'.
1960 William Fetter of Boeing coins the term "computer graphics" for his human factors cockpit drawings
1960 John Whitney Sr. founds Motion Graphics, Inc.
1960 DEC PDP-1 introduced
1961 Integrated circuits were used in commercial computers.
1961 John Whitney Sr., creates the intro to Alfred Hitchock's Vertigo using analog computer graphics devices
1961 Spacewars, 1st video game, developed by Steve Russell at MIT for the PDP-1
1962 W. Uttal, assigned to IBM, patented a glove for teaching touch typing.
1963 Ivan Sutherland submitted his doctoral thesis "SKETCHPAD: A Man-Machine Graphical Communication System".
1963 1st computer art competition, sponsored by Computers and Automation
1963 Mouse invented by Doug Englebart of SRI
1963 Coons' patches
1963 1st (?) computer generated film by Edward Zajac (Bell Labs)
1963 BEFLIX developed at Bell Labs by Ken Knowlton
1963 Charles Csuri makes his first computer generated artwork
1963 DAC-1, first commercial CAD system, developed in 1959 by IBM for General Motors is shown at JCC
1963 Lockheed Georgia starts graphics activity
1963 Michael Noll (Bell Labs) starts his Gaussian Quadratic series of artwork
1963 Roberts hidden line algorithm (MIT)
1964 Project MAC (MIT)
1964 IBM 2250 console introduced with IBM 360 computer
1964 Poem Field by Stan Vanderbeek and Ken Knowlton
1964 Itek Digigraphic Program (later Control Data graphics system)
1964 RAND tablet input device (also called Grafacon)
1964 compact cassette tape (Phillips)
1964 Electronic character generator
1965 Ivan Sutherland published "The Ultimate Display".
1965 1st computer art exhibition, at Technische Hochschule in Stuttgart
1965 1st U.S. computer art exhibition, at Howard Wise Gallery in New York
1965 Adage founded
1965 Bresenham Algorithm for plotting lines
1965 BBN Teleputer uses Tektronix CRT
1966 Tom Furness began work on display systems for pilots.
1966 Odyssey, home video game developed by Ralph Baer of Sanders Assoc, is 1st consumer CG product
1966 Group 1 FAX machines (using CCITT compression)
1966 Lincoln Wand developed
1966 Plasma Panel introduced
1966 Studies in Perception I by Ken Knowlton and Leon Harmon (Bell Labs)
1966 MAGI founded by Phil Mittleman
1966 Loutrel hidden line algorithm
1967 Fred Brooks et al. developed the force feedback GROPE system at UNC at Chapel Hill.
1967 Appel hidden line algorithm
1967 Sine Curve Man and Hummingbird created by Chuck Csuri
1967 Adage real time 3D line drawing system
1967 GE introduces first full color real time interactive flight simulator for NASA - Rod Rougelet
1967 Experiments in Art and Technology (E.A.T.) started in New York by artists Rauschenberg and Kluver
1967 MIT's Center for Advanced Visual Studies founded by Gyorgy Kepes
1967 1/2 inch open reel video tape recorder
1968 Ivan Sutherland published "A Head-Mounted Three Dimensional Display".
1968 DEC 338 intelligent graphics terminal
1968 Tektronix 4010
1968 University of Utah recruits Dave Evans to form a CG department in computer science
1968 Warnock algorithm
1968 Watkins algorithm
1968 Cybernetic Serendipity: The Computer and the Arts exhibition at London Institute of Contemporary Arts
1968 Csuri's Hummingbird purchased by Museum of Modern Art for permanent collection
1968 Permutations - John Whitney, Sr.
1968 Sutherland Head Mounted Display (Sword of Damocles), developed in 1966, shown (AFIPS Conference)
1968 Evans & Sutherland, Calma, Houston Instrument, Imlac founded
1968 LDS-1 from E&S introduces line clipping
1969 SCANIMATE commercialized - Lee Harrison
1969 Genesys anaimation system - Ron Baecker
1969 Computer Image Corporation founded
1969 Bell Labs builds first framebuffer (3 bits)
1969 1st use of CGI for commercials - MAGI for IBM
1969 Graphical User Interface (GUI) developed by Xerox (Alan Kay)
1969 SIGGRAPH formed (began as special interest committee in 1967 by Sam Matsa and Andy vanDam)
1969 ComputerVision, Applicon, Vector General founded
1969 ARPANET is born
1970 Sonic Pen 3-D input device
1971 Redifon Ltd. (UK) began manufacturing flight simulators with computer graphics displays.
1971 Henri Gouraud submitted his doctoral thesis "Computer Display of Curved Surfaces".
1971 Gouraud shading
1971 Ramtek founded
1971 MCS (Manufacturing and Consulting Services) founded by Patrick Hanratty, consedered the "father" of mechanical CAD/CAM
1971 Altair 8800 computer
1971 Robert Abel and Associates founded
1972 MAGI Synthevision started (Bo Gehring)
1972 CGRG founded at Ohio State
1972 Emmy awarded to Lee Harrison for SCANIMATE
1972 Alto computer introduced by Xerox PARC (Alan Kay)
1972 Megatek founded
1972 Utah hand (Catmull) and face (Parke) animations produced
1972 Computer Graphics and Image Processing journal begins publication
1972 8-bit frame buffer developed by Dick Shoup at Xerox PARC
1972 Sandin Image Processor - Dan Sandin, Univ. Illinois-Chicago Circle
1972 Atari formed (Nolan Bushnell)
1972 Newell, Newell and Sancha visible surface algorithm
1972 video game Pong developed for Atari
1972 Graphics Symbiosis System (GRASS) developed at Ohio State by Tom DeFanti
1973 Bui-Tuong Phong submitted his doctoral thesis "Illumination for Computer Generated Images".
1973 E&S begins marketing first commercial frame buffer
1973 Ethernet - Bob Metcalf (Harvard)
1973 Westworld - 1st film to use CGI - graphics produced at III
1973 Circle Graphics Habitat founded at Univ. Illinois Chicago (Tom DeFanti & Dan Sandin)
1973 first SIGGRAPH conference (Boulder)
1973 3/4 inch portapack replaces 16mm film for news gathering
1973 Richard Shoup develops PARC raster display
1973 Rich Riesenfeld (Syracuse) introduces b-splines
1973 Principles of Interactive Computer Graphics (Newman and Sproull) first comprehensive graphics textbook is published
1974 Motion Pictures Product Group formed at III by John Whitney, Jr. and Gary Demos
1974 Alex Schure opens CGL at NYIT, with Ed Catmull as Director
1974 SuperPaint developed by Dick Shoup and Alvy Ray Smith
1974 TCP protocol (Vint Cerf, Bob Kahn)
1974 z-buffer developed by Ed Catmull (Univ of Utah)
1974 Hunger produced by Peter Foldes at National Research Council of Canada; wins Cannes Film Festival Prix de Jury award for animation
1975 Sony Betamax recorder
1975 fractals - Benoit Mandelbrot (IBM)
1975 Catmull curved surface rendering algorithm
1975 Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak start Apple computer.
1975 Bill Gates starts Microsoft
1975 Martin Newell (Utah) develops CGI teapot (physical teapot now in the Computer Museum in Boston)
1975 JPL Graphics Lab developed (Bob Holzman)
1975 Anima animation system developed at CGRG at Ohio State (Csuri)
1976 P. J. Kilpatrick published his doctoral thesis "The Use of a Kinematic Supplement in an Interactive Graphics System".
1976 MITs Visible Language Workshop founded by Muriel Cooper
1976 Alvy Ray Smith develops "tweening" software (NYIT)
1976 Dolby sound
1976 Jim Blinn develops reflectance and environment mapping (Univ of Utah)
1976 Nelson Max's sphere inversion film
1976 Ukrainian Pysanka Egg erected in Vegraville, Canada by Ron Resch (University of Utah) to commemorate the RCMP
1976 Sony Beta home video
1977 Dan Sandin and Richard Sayre invented a bend-sensing glove.
1977 JVC VHS home video
1977 Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences introduces Visual Effects category for Oscars
1977 Nelson Max joins LLL; Jim Blinn joins JPL
1977 GKS (Graphical Kernal System) graphics standard introduced
1977 Fuchs multiprocessor visible surface algorithm
1977 Larry Cuba produces Death Star simulation for Star Wars using Grass at UICC developed by Tom DeFanti at Ohio State
1979 F. H. Raab et al. described the Polhemus tracking system.
1978 Tom DeFanti's GRASS system rewritten for Bally home computer (Zgrass)
1978 AT&T and Canadian Telidon introduce videotex graphics standard (NAPLPS)
1978 Digital Effects founded (Judson Rosebush, Jeff Kleiser, et al)
1978 Ikonas frame buffer - England/Whitton
1978 Leroy Nieman uses Ampex paint system to draw football players in Super Bowl
1978 R/Greenberg founded (Richard and Robert Greenberg)
1978 James Blinn produces the first of a series of animations titled The Mechanical Universe
1978 DEC VAX 11/780 introduced
1978 video laser disc
1978 Bump mapping introduced (Blinn)
1979 Eric Howlett (LEEP Systems, Inc.) designed the Large Expanse Enhanced Perspective (LEEP) Optics.
1979 National Computer Graphics Association (NCGA) organized
1979 IBM 3279 color terminal
1979 SIGGRAPH CORE Graphics standard
1979 Sunstone - Ed Emshwiller (NYIT)
1979 George Lucas hires Ed Catmull, Ralph Guggenheim and Alvy Ray Smith to form Lucasfilm
1980 Andy Lippman developed an interactive video disk to drive around Aspen.
1980 Vol Libre - Loren Carpenter of Boeing
1980 Apollo Computer founded
1980 Turner Whitted of Bell Labs publishes ray tracing paper
1980 First NCGA conference - Arlington, Virginia - Steven Levine, President
1980 IBM licenses DOS from Microsoft
1980 Aurora Systems founded by Richard Shoup
1980 Disney uses computer graphics for the movie Tron
1980 MIT Media Lab founded by Nicholas Negroponte
1980 Pacific Data Images founded by Carl Rosendahl
1980 Hanna-Barbera, largest producer of animation in the U.S.,begins implementation of computer automation of animation process
1980 Sony Walkman
1981 Tom Furness developed the 'virtual cockpit'.
1981 G.J. Grimes, assigned to Bell Telephone Labs, patented a data entry glove
1981 Sony Betacam
1981 Tom DeFanti expands GRASS to Bally Z-50 machine (ZGRASS) - Univ Illinois - Chicago Circle
1981 IBM introduces the first IBM PC (16 bit 8088 chip)
1981 IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications published by IEEE Computer Society and NCGA
1981 Digital Productions formed by Whitney and Demos
1981 Cranston/Csuri Productions founded by Chuck Csuri and Robert Kanuth
1981 R/Greenberg opens CGI division (Chris Woods)
1981 MITI Fifth Generation Computer Project announced by Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry
1981 REYES renderer written at LucasFilm
1981 Carla's Island - Nelson Max
1982 Thomas Zimmerman patented a data input glove based upon optical sensors, such that internal refraction could be correlated with finger flexion and extension
1982 The Last Starfighter (Digital Productions)
1982 The Geometry Engine (Clark)
1982 Jim Clark founds Silicon Graphics Inc.
1982 fractal rendering (Fournier, Fussell and Carpenter)
1982 Skeleton Animation System (SAS) developed at CGRG at Ohio State (Dave Zeltzer)
1982 Sony still frame video camera (Mavica)
1982 ACM begins publication of TOG (Transactions on Graphics)
1982 Tom Brighham develops morphing (NYIT)
1982 Adobe founded by John Warnock
1982 Atari develops the data glove.
1982 AutoDesk founded; AutoCAD released
1983 Mark Callahan built a see-through HMD at MIT.
1983 Myron Krueger published Artificial Reality.
1983 Particle systems (Reeves - Lucasfilm)
1983 ILM computer graphics division develops "Genesis effect" for Star Trek II - The Wrath of Khan
1983 SGI IRIS 1000 graphics workstation
1983 Road to Point Reyes - Lucasfilm
1983 Jim Blinn receives the first (1983) ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1983 Ivan Sutherland receives the first (1983) ACM SIGGRAPH Steven A. Coons Award
1983 Steve Dompier's "Micro Illustrator" is first PC paint program (for Apple II)
1983 mip-mapping introduced for efficient texture mapping (Williams - NYIT)
1983 Sony and Philips introduce 1st CD player
1984 William Gibson wrote about "cyberspace" in Neuromancer.
1984 Mike McGreevy and Jim Humpries developed VIVED (VIrtual Visual Environment Display) system for future astronauts at NASA.
1984 Robert Able & Associates produces the 1st computer generated 30 second commercial used for Super Bowl (Brilliance)
1984 Wavefront Technologies is the first commercially available 3D software package.
1984 Thomson Digital Image (TDI) founded
1984 Jim Clark receives the 1984 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1984 International Resource Development report predicts the extinction of the keyboard in the next decade
1984 A-buffer (or alpha-buffer) introduced by Carpenter of Lucasfilm
1984 Distributed ray tracing introduced by Lucasfilm
1984 Cook shading model (Lucasfilm)
1984 14.5 minute computer generated IMAX film shown at SIGGRAPH 84 - 18 teams; 20 segments
1984 Universal Studios opens CG department
1984 First Macintosh computer is sold; introduced with Clio award winning commercial during Super Bowl
1984 - McDonnel Douglas introduces the Polhemus 3Space digitizer and body Tracker
1984 Radiosity born - Cornell University
1984 John Lasseter joins Lucasfilm
1984 Digital Productions (Whitney and Demos) get Academy Technical Achievement Award for CGI simulation of motion picture photography
1984 Lucasfilms introduces motion blur effects
1984 Porter and Duff compositing algorithm (Lucasfilm)
1984 The Adventures of Andre and Wally B. (Lucasfilm)
1985 VPL Research, Inc. was founded.
1985 Mike McGreevy and Jim Humphries built a HMD from monochrome LCD pocket television displays.
1985 Commodore launches the new Amiga
1985 Loren Carpenter receives the 1985 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1985 Pierre Bezier receives the 1985 ACM SIGGRAPH Steven A. Coons Award
1985 Sogitec founded (Xavier Nicolas)
1985 Abel Image Research takes Robert Abel & Associates to shaded graphics business
1985 Tony de Peltrie airs
1985 stereo TV
1985 CGW predicts 90s graphics workstation
1985 Targa 16 board (AT&T) goes to market
1985 Pixar Image Computer goes to market
1985 Perlin's noise functions introduced
1985 CD-ROMs High Sierra (ISO9660) standard introduced
1985 PostScript (Adobe - John Warnock)
1985 PODA creature animation system developed by Girard and Maciejewski at Ohio State
1985 Boss Films founded by Richard Edlund
1985 MIT Media Lab moves to new home
1986 The Great Mouse Detective was the first animated film to be aided by CG.
1986 Pixar purchased from Lucasfilm by Steve Jobs
1986 Trancept Systemes founded by Nick England and Mary Whitton - graphics board for Sun
1986 CGI group starts at Industrial Light and Magic (Doug Kay and George Joblove)
1986 Softimage founded by Daniel Langlois in Montreal
1986 Apple IIgs introduced
1986 Turner Whitted receives the 1986 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1986 Waldo project introduces motion capture (Digital Productions)
1986 Kajiya's Rendering Equation
1986 Omnibus assumes Robert Able & Associates and Digital Productions in hostile takeovers by John Pennie and investors
1986 Whitney/Demos Productions founded
1986 Intel introduces 82786 graphics coprocessor chip ; Texas Instruments introduces TMS34010 Graphics System Processor
1986 Luxo Jr. nominated for Oscar (first CGI film to be nominated - Pixar)
1986 TIFF (Aldus)
1986 Scitex founded for prepress
1987 Jonathan Waldern formed W Industries.
1987 Tom Zimmerman et al. developed an interactive glove.
1987 GIF format (CompuServe)
1987 Willow (Lucasfilm) popularizes morphing
1987 Max Headroom debuts
1987 LucasArts formed
1987 Reynolds' flocking behavior algorithm (Symbolics)
1987 Rob Cook receives the 1987 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1987 Don Greenberg receives the 1987 ACM SIGGRAPH Steven A. Coons Award
1987 Advanced Computing Center for the Arts and Design (ACCAD) founded at Ohio State
1987 Omnibus closes, eliminating DP and Abel
1987 Cranston/Csuri Productions closes
1987 Marching Cubes algorithm (Lorensen and Cline - GE)
1987 Metrolight Productions, RezN8 Productions, Kleiser/Walczak, DeGraf/Wahrman founded
1988 PICT format (Apple)
1988 Al Barr receives the 1988 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1988 Internet Worm infects servers all over the world
1988 U.S. Patent awarded to Pixar for RenderMan
1988 Disney and Pixar develop CAPS (Computer Animation Paint System) (academy technical award in 1992)
1988 PIXAR wins Academy award for Tin Toy
1989 Jaron Lanier, CEO of VPL, coined the term 'virtual reality'.
1989 VPL Research and Autodesk introduced commercial head-mounted displays.
1989 Robert Stone formed the Virtual Reality & Human Factors Group at the UK's National Advanced Robotics Research Centre.
1989 Eric Howlett built the LEEPvideo System I HMD.v
1989 VPL Research, Inc. began selling the EyePhone that used LCD displays and LEEP optics.
1989 AutoDesk, Inc. demonstrated their PC-based VR CAD system, Cyberspace, at SIGGRAPH'89
1989 Robert Stone and Jim Hennequin co-invented the Teletact I Glove.
1989 Reflection Technologies produced the Private Eye.
1989 John Warnock receives the 1989 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1989 David Evans receives the 1989 ACM SIGGRAPH Steven A. Coons Award
1989 8MM videotape introduced by Sony
1989 ILM creates the Abyss
1989 PIXAR starts marketing RenderMan
1990 J.R. Hennequin and R. Stone, assigned to ARRL, patents for the Teletact tactile feedback glove.
1990 Sense8 Corporation founded by Pat Gelband.
1990 ARRL ordered Division's first VR system.
1990 Microsoft ships Windows 3.0
1990 NewTek Video Toaster
1990 First edition of Graphics Gems published by Academic Press (Andrew Glassner, editor)
1990 U.S. Patent awarded to Pixar for point sampling
1990 Richard Shoup and Alvy Ray Smith receive the 1990 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1990 3D Studio (AutoDesk)
1990 John Wiley & Sons begins publishing The Journal of Visualization and Computer Animation
1991 Division sold their first VR system.
1991 W Industries sold their first VIRTUALITY system.
1991 Richard Holmes, assigned to W Industries, patented a tactile feedback glove.
1991 World Wide Web (CERN)
1991 Jim Kajiya receives the 1991 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1991 Andy van Dam receives the 1991 ACM SIGGRAPH Steven A. Coons Award
1991 Disney and PIXAR agree to create 3 films, including the first computer animated full-length film Toy Story
1991 ILM produces Terminator 2
1991 Beauty and the Beast (Disney)
1991 Kodak PhotoCD
1992 T.G. Zimmerman, assigned to VPL Research, patented a glove using optical sensors.
1992 Division demonstrated a multi-user VR system.
1992 Thomas DeFanti et al. demonstrated the CAVE system at SIGGRAPH.
1993 SGI announced the RealityEngine.
1993 Bob Stone and Andy Connell appear on BBC TV's 9 O'Clock News demomnstrating Europe's first CAD-converted VR application (the Rolls-Royce Trent 800 aero engine.
1993 Bob Stone and UK VR Team launch VRS (Virtual Reality & Simulation) - the world's first industry-funded VR initiative.
1992 Disney and Pixar get Academy Technical Achievement Award for CAPS production system
1992 QuickTime introduced (Apple)
1992 Henry Fuchs receives the 1992 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1992 Softimage goes public
1992 Lawnmower Man (Angel Studios)
1992 U.S. Patent awarded to Pixar for Non-Affine Image Warping
1992 VIFX uses flock animation with Prism software to create large groups of animals
1992 Tom Brigham and ILM get Academy Technical Achievement Award for morphing technique
1993 disk array and compression codecs allow for nonlinear editing and full motion video
1993 Pixar gets Academy Technical Achievement Award for development of Renderman
1993 Pat Hanrahan receives the 1993 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1993 Ed Catmull receives the 1993 ACM SIGGRAPH Steven A. Coons Award
1993 Jurassic Park - ILM and Steven Spielberg
1993 Wavefront buys TDI
1993 Mosaic browser (NCSA)
1993 Myst released (Cyan) - in 1998, it became the top selling game of all time
1993 Digital Domain founded by James Cameron, Stan Winston, and Scott Ross
1994 InSys and the Manchester Royal Infirmary launched Europe's first VR R&D Centre for Minimally Invasive Therapy.
1994 Proceedings of the 1st UK VR-SIG Conference
1994 The Virtual Reality Society was formed.
1994 Sandy Ressler "Open Virtual Reality Testbed"
1994 SGI and Nintendo team up for Nintendo 64 product
1994 ILM earns Oscar for special effects for Jurassic Park
1994 Microsoft acquires Softimage
1994 Doom hits game market
1994 Direct Broadcast Satellite service
1994 HDTV standard for transmission adopted in US
1994 U.S. Patent awarded to Pixar for creating, manipulating and displaying images
1994 Ken Torrance receives the 1994 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1995 Frank A. Biocca § and J.P. Rolland §§ "Virtual Eyes"
1995 Toy Story (Pixar)
1995 DreamWorks founded (Steven Spielberg, Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen)
1995 Pixar gets Academy Award for digital scanning technology
1995 U.S. Patent awarded to Pixar for image volume data
1995 John Lasseter of Pixar gets Academy Award for development and application of techniques used in Toy Story
1995 Kurt Akeley (SGI) receives the 1995 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1995 Jose Encarnacao receives the 1995 ACM SIGGRAPH Steven A. Coons Award
1995 Wavefront and Alias merge
1995 Pixar goes public with 6.9M share offering
1995 Sony Playstation introduced
1996 Microsoft include Superscape's VISCAPE as part of their Internet Explorer Starter Kit.
1996 The Virtual Reality Society launches its Web site.
1996 Internet 2 unveiled
1996 Quake hits game market
1996 Marc Levoy receives the 1996 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1996 Colossal Pictures files Chapter 11 bankruptcy
1996 Windows 95 ships
1997 VIFX joins with Blue Sky
1997 DVD technology unveiled
1997 Przemyslaw Prusinkiewicz receives the 1997 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1997 Jim Kajiya of Cal Tech gets Academy Award for development and application of CGI hair and fur
1997 Pixar interactive division dissolved
1998 Titanic becomes the largest grossing motion picture in U.S history
1998 Alias Maya released
1998 Quicktime 3.0 released
1998 Boss Films closes
1998 Riven released
1998 Sun gets back into graphics with the Darwin Ultra series of workstations
1998 MPEG-4 standard announced
1998 SGI and Microsoft form partnership to develop APIs; SGI will develop NT-based PCs
1998 Geri's Game (Pixar) - awarded the Academy Award for Animated Short
1998 Colossal Pictures emerges from Chapter 11 bankruptcy
1998 The SIGGRAPH Conference celebrates its 25th Anniversary in Orlando
1998 Michael Cohen (Microsoft) receives the 1998 ACM SIGGRAPH CG Achievement Award
1998 Pixar awarded a Scientific and Technical Academy Award for the development of software that produces images used in motion pictures from 3D computer descriptions of shape and appearance
Excepts of computer development history from the book, "Becoming a Computer Animator"
by Michael Morrison
The dawn of massive economic inequality has been ushered in by the computer. We are to the point where if you don't know computers you will be left behind. Every year this is cutting out and leaving behind larger and larger numbers of people.
Profile: Arthur Lyman
The Mood Merchant of Exotic Music casts
his Spell Again in Waikiki
A conch shell honks, bamboo sticks rattle, a jungle bird cries out.
1958 all over again: Arthur Lyman is making the music that
made him oh so famous and rich so very long ago.
"Isn't it beautiful," he says, "that's why I like to play here." Here is the open air bar of the New Otani Kaimana Beach hotel on Waikiki's quiet side. He plays private parties and regular gigs in Waikiki for $100- a-night, a bargain for the exotic music maker man who once commanded thousands. "I never thought my music was exotic," he laughs. "It was natural to me-the crash of the waves, the rustle of the palm trees, the birds." Over vodka in the afternoon he reminisces about the glory days. "It was rough," he said, "three months on the road, back here, three months on the road." He ran though four piano players, four bass players and three wives. Got married once on Valentine's Day in Las Vegas after appearing with Harry Belafonte. His bride, a nightclub camera girl, became his manager. "She was a good manager," he said "but we had problems when she started to tell me what to play."
Alone now, a survivor of 11 banner years on the road, he's back in Hawaii and happy, neither broke nor rich. "Wives," he said, "they got all my money. I never smelled it." On a toy piano he plunked out "You Are My Sunshine" when he was only five. "My father said, 'You're going to be a musician and he made me practice, practice, practice. He was blind and he would kick me in the butt when I hit a wrong note." At 8, Lyman made his public debut on the "Listerine Amateur Hour" on Honolulu radio station KGMB (now K-59), playing "Twelfth Street Rag." "I won a bottle of Listerine," he laughed. He turned pro at 17, playing in a Kakaako club called Leroy's. "I went to school days and played nights with a group called The Gadabouts. We did George Shearing stuff, cool jazz. I got $45 a week.
"When I got out of McKinley High School in '51, I finally told my father, I quit. I went to Halekulani Hotel and worked there as a desk clerk. "That's where I met Martin Denny," he said, "He'd heard I played vibraphone. I was making $280 a month as a hotel clerk. He said, 'You'll be making $109 a week playing for me.' I went back to music.
In late 1956, he formed his own band with John Kramer on bass, Allan Soares on piano, Harold Chang on drums and Augie Colon on bird calls. They opened at the Hilton Hawaiian Villages' Shell Bar and might be playing there still except for millionaire golfer France Ii Brown. He invited Lyman and the band to California's Pebble Beach to play for a private party during what was then called the Bing Crosby Pro-am Golf tournament. Some very important people at that party liked what they heard and suddenly Arthur Lyman had a big-time Mainland gig. "We played Vegas the next week," he said. "And then New York, Chicago, San Francisco, Tokyo and..."
In 1962, the year he turned 30, he earned $120,000, same as Willie Mays, big money in those days. He was headlining Chicago's Edgewater Beach Hotel, playing two sets a night, six nights a week. That same year he produced six albums in 45 days.
Five years later, exotic was old hat, the Beatles were hot, and Arthur Lyman was out of a job. The band broke up in Vegas in 1968-the year Janis Joplin appeared on Newsweek's cover-and they all came home to early retirement in Hawaii.
In his meteoric 12 year career, Arthur Lyman and his band produced 33 albums, won three gold records, and recorded 396 songs that even today conjure up dreamy island images of tropical escape. "We always tried to do that," Lyman said, "to get people to come here so we wouldn't have to go there but, funny thing, we were never as popular here in the Islands as we were on the mainland." He's up for a mainland tour, he said, but until that happens you can only see Arthur Lyman on the beach in Waikiki.
Born 2 February 1932, Kauai, Hawaii
Lyman's family moved to Honolulu after his father was blinded in an accident. Arthur began playing with a toy marimba and from playing along with records, was able to reproduce Lionel Hampton solos note for note. His performing career began early, when he won a talent contest on Honolulu radio station KGMB. By the time he graduated from high school, he was playing professionally with a small combo called "The Gadabouts," imitating the piano/vibes sound of George Shearing and Cal Tjader.
In 1951, he was hired to play in the bar at the Halekulani Hotel, where Martin Denny met him in the early 1950s. Denny hired him, and the two remained together for the next five years.
Denny's breakthrough success with his cover of "Quiet Village" paved a path for Lyman as well. Shipbuilding magnate and Hawaiian developer Henry J. Kaiser (of Kaiser Aluminum and Liberty Ship fame) hired him to replace Denny in his Honolulu nightclub. Soon after, Hi Fi Records in Los Angeles capitalized on Liberty's success with Denny and hired Lyman as their featured artist.
Even though the two men were competitors on vinyl, they remained close friends until the end. "He had a keen ear for music and a great imagination," Denny once remarked,"and I would say that his success and exposure paralleled mine. There were debates on who came first, but as far as I'm concerned we did it together." After both had ceased to record, Denny and Lyman often appeared together at performances on Oahu. And when Lyman entered a hospice as he entered the last stages of his fight with throat cancer, "Martin would take Arthur out in the sunshine and give a private show," according to a family friend.
Lyman's style was softer than Denny's, but he went much further in his use of exotic environmental sounds. The combination of macaw shrieks and gentle vibes was a vein Lyman mined consistently for over 30 albums. Unlike Denny, whose heavy touring schedule often forced his label to use a stand-in pianist on his albums, Lyman recorded almost exclusively in Hawaii. His Hi-Fi albums were usually recorded in Kaiser's Aluminum Dome auditorium in Honolulu, and still stand out for their superb audio qualities.
Lyman's combo included John Kramer on bass, guitar, and other stringed instruments, Alan Soares on piano and other keyboards, and Harold Chang on percussion. In between tours, the group played the Shell Bar at the Hawaiian Village Hotel for nearly 10 years, and reunited on a number of occasions thereafter. Hawaiian-born jazz vocalist Ethel Azama also appeared with Lyman in the early 1960s, and her version of "Lullaby of the Leaves" can be heard on the The Leis of Jazz.
The group appeared on numerous television variety shows in the 1960s, including "The Red Skelton Show," "The Andy Williams Show," and "The Steve Allen Show." But their best-known TV appearances were their guest spots on "Hawaiian Eye," the Robert Conrad - Connie Stevens private eye show set on Oahu. The show regularly featured the main characters hanging out at a mock-up of the Shell Bar and listening to Lyman playing one of his favorite numbers.
Lyman's signature tune was his cover of "Yellow Bird", which spent 10 weeks on Billboard's Top Ten chart in 1961, reaching #4. When his contract with HiFi ended in 1968, Lyman broke up his combo after an appearance in Las Vegas, and headed back for the islands. He was happy to leave the touring life behind: "It was rough," he once said, "three months on the road, back here, three months on the road." He went on to perform at most of Waikiki's best-known clubs, including Don the Beachcomber and the New Otani Kaimana Beach Hotel.
A Time magazine article from 1962 describes a typical stateside performance at the height of Lyman's fame:
conch shell wailed, the conga drums thump-thumped, the
bamboo sticks clattered," the magazine wrote. "The four
men on stage were constantly on the move — clacking
wooden blocks, scratching a corrugated gourd, flailing
away at Chinese gongs, weaving rhythms that were
insistent, sinuous and hypnotic. Occasionally, when the
spirit moved them, they barked like seals or whooped
like cranes. The happy audience at Chicago's Edgewater
Beach Hotel rattled the rafters whooping back.
1. Andy Partridge & Harold Budd “Ceramic
BANDS WEBSITE LIST
This list is evolving as bands disappear,
of Usage of Long-Term Care HealthCare
87.9 million: Number of Americans who will be over age 65 by 2050.
6.3 million: Number of Americans over age 85 in 2015.
18.9 million: Number of Americans who will be over age 85 by 2050.
52%: Percentage of people turning age 65 who will need some type of long-term care services in their lifetimes.
8%: Percentage of people ages 65-74 who need long-term care services, 2018.
17%: Percentage of people ages 75-84 who need long-term care services, 2018.
42%: Percentage of people older than age 85 who need long-term care services, 2018.
47%: Estimated percentage of men 65 and older who will need long-term care during their lifetimes.
58%: Estimated percentage of women 65 and older who will need long-term care during their lifetimes.
33%: Percentage of people turning 65 who will need nursing-home care at some point in their lifetimes.
70%: Percentage of people in nursing homes who are women.
80: Average age of admission for women in long-term care settings.
48%: Percentage of people receiving long-term care who need care for less than one year.
19%: Percentage of people receiving long-term care who need care for between one and 1.99 years.
21%: Percentage of people receiving long-term care who need care for between two and 4.99 years.
13%: Percentage of people who will need long-term care for longer than five years.
22%: Percentage of individuals over 65 in the highest income quintile who will have a long-term care need of two years or longer.
31%: Percentage of individuals over 65 in the lowest income quintile who will have a long-term care need of two years or longer.
38%: Percentage of Americans over age 85 who have Alzheimer's dementia.
64%: Percentage of Americans with Alzheimer's dementia who are women.
145%: Percentage increase in the number of people who died from Alzheimer's dementia, 2000-17.
-9%: Percentage decrease in the number of people who died from heart disease, 2000-17.
8-10 years: Average life expectancy following an Alzheimer’s diagnosis.
2.8 years: Average length of time between when symptoms begin and when an Alzheimer's dementia diagnosis is made.
$208 billion: Long-term care expenditures in the U.S., 2015.
63%: Estimated percentage of individuals age 65 today who will have no out-of-pocket long-term care costs during their lifetimes.
13%: Estimated percentage of individuals age 65 today who will incur out-of-pocket long-term care costs of between $0.01 and $50,000 during their lifetimes.
11%: Estimated percentage of individuals age 65 today who will incur out-of-pocket long-term care costs of between $50,000 and $150,000 during their lifetimes.
Estimated percentage of individuals age 65 today who will
incur out-of-pocket long-term care costs of between $150,000
and $250,000 during their lifetimes.
9%: Estimated percentage of individuals age 65 who will incur out-of-pocket long-term care costs of more than $250,000 during their lifetimes.
$19,500: Median annual cost for adult day care (five days/week), 2019.
$48,612: Median annual cost for assisted-living facility, 2019.
$52,624: Median annual cost for a home health aide (44 hours/week; 52 weeks/year), 2019.
4.55%: Change in annual cost for a home health aide since 2018.
$102,200: Median annual nursing-home cost, private room, 2019.
1.82%: Change in annual nursing-home cost since 2018.
$161,148: Average annual nursing-home cost, private room, Manhattan, 2019.
$58,400: Average annual nursing-home cost, private room, Monroe, Louisiana, 2019.
$24.224: Median annual income from all sources for individuals who are 65 or older.
$41,125: Median annual income for households headed by people 65 or older.
19%: Percentage of long-term care costs that were paid out of pocket, 2013.
8%: Percentage of long-term care costs that were paid by private insurance, 2013.
15.7 million: The number of caregivers for someone with Alzheimer's or other dementia.
$470 billion: The estimated dollar value of long-term care provided by unpaid caregivers, 2013.
69.4: Average age of care recipient.
49.2: Average age of caregiver.
62.3: Average age of spousal caregivers.
34%: Percentage of caregivers who are age 65 or older.
>75%: Percentage of caregivers who are female.
33%: Approximate percentage of caregivers to people with Alzheimer's or other dementias who are daughters.
25%: Approximate percentage of caregivers to people with Alzheimer’s or other dementias who are “sandwich generation" caregivers, providing care to children as well as older adults.
33%: Percentage of people providing care to people age 65 or older who describe their own health as fair or poor.
63%: Percentage of dementia caregivers who say their responsibilities have led to working different hours, leaving work unexpectedly, and worrying about finances.
83%: Percentage of care provided to older adults that is delivered by friends or family members.
30%: Percentage of the population aged 65 or older who will rely on family-provided long-term care for two or more years.
34.7: Average number of hours per week worked by unpaid caregivers who have jobs in addition to caregiving.
70%: Percentage of caregivers who suffered work-related difficulties due to their caregiving duties.
44%: Percentage of caregivers who say that their work supervisor is unaware of their caregiving responsibilities.
10%: Estimated percentage of older adults who have suffered from some form of elder abuse.
7%: Estimated percentage of elder-abuse cases that are reported to authorities.
21%: Percentage of long-term care services and supports that were provided through other public sources, 2013.
62%: Percentage of nursing-home residents whose care is provided by Medicaid.
20%: Percentage of Medicaid funding that went to pay long-term care costs in 2016.
38%: Expected increase in Medicaid spending for long-term care between 2016 and 2026.
$126,420: Maximum “countable” assets that a healthy spouse can retain for the other spouse to be eligible for long-term care benefits provided by Medicaid, 2019. (Actual amounts vary by state.)
$2,000: Maximum “countable” assets allowable for single individuals who are applying for long-term care provided by Medicaid. (New York state has a higher threshold: $15,450.)
$3,000: Maximum “countable” assets allowable for married couples who are applying together for long-term care provided by Medicaid.
$585,000: Maximum amount of home equity that a healthy spouse can retain, in addition to countable assets, for the other spouse to be eligible for long-term care benefits provided by Medicaid, 2019. (The limit is higher in certain states, such as California.)
$3,160.50: Maximum amount of monthly income that a healthy spouse can receive for the other spouse to be eligible for long-term care benefits provided by Medicaid, 2019. (Actual amounts vary by state.)
100: Days of care in a skilled nursing facility ("rehab") covered in full or in part by Medicare following a qualifying hospital stay.
57: Average long-term care policy issue age.
55.1%: Percentage of long-term care policies purchased by women, 2018.
20.8%: Percentage of long-term care policies purchased by single people, 2018.
15%: Percentage of long-term care policies that were sold through workplace, 2018.
95.1%: Percentage of just-issued long-term policies that include home-care benefits that are at least equal to the in-facility benefit.
125: Number of insurers offering stand-alone long-term care policies, 2000.
17: Number of insurers offering stand-alone long-term care policies, 2016.
750,000: Number of individual long-term care insurance policies sold, 2002.
56,288: Number of individual long-term care insurance policies sold, 2018.
13.1%: Percentage drop in number of long-term care policies sold, 2017-18.
228,000: Number of hybrid life/long-term care policies sold to individuals, 2015.
461,000: Number of hybrid life/long-term care policies sold to individuals, 2018.
16%: Percentage of life insurance sales that are hybrid life/long-term care policies, 2017.
$1.87 billion: Annual claims on long-term care insurance policies, 2000.
$11 billion: Annual claims on long-term care insurance policies, 2017.
64%: Percentage of long-term care claims that were paid to women.
$2,169: Average annual premium, all in-force long-term care policies, 2018.
0.5%: Percentage of all businesses offering long-term care insurance to their employees.
52.2%: Percentage of long-term care claims paid to claimants between ages 81 and 90.
22%: Percentage of long-term care applicants ages 50-59 who were declined coverage.
30%: Percentage of long-term care applicants ages 60-69 who were declined coverage.
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From the guru of ColdFusion MX Web Application Construction Kit (CFWACK), you'll have to look hard to find a better book for beginners and intermediate CF users, Ben's site is full of resources and information